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What we have to bear in mind
According to "The Times ( June 29 2000)
Teenage girls in Britian have the highest rate of pregancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Western Europe. In England nearly 20,000 cases of STDs were recorded in 1998, up from 14,000 in 1990. Among girls under 16, infections such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia and gential warts are also on the increase with nearly 1,200 cases in 1998, 500 more than 1990. As some of these conditions can cause infertility or life-threatening complications in pregnancy, the long-term cost could be high.
According to Student Mirror; "There were also 3,500 new cases of HIV last year - the highest since records began. And Chlamydia is reaching epidemic proportions with 62,000 people infected last year - nearly half of them teenagers
Sex Education News
Ref: The TIMES ( 21 June 2000)
Almost a quarter of girls first have intercourse before the age of sixteen, according to a government survey . Figures published on the 20th of June 2000 by the office for National Statistics show that today's teenagers are nearly five times as likely as their own mothers and 24 times as likely as their grandmothers to have underage sex. The research reported in the latest "Population Trends", also shows that the age at which most girls lose their virginity has dropped by four years - from 23 to 19 - within one generation. A research also published by Bristol University Institute of Child Health showing that one in six girls now reaches puberty by the age of eight. Bev Botting, author of " Trends in Fertility and contraception in the last quarter of a century" said: The proportion of teenagers aged 16 - 19 who use family planning clinics have risen from 12% to 22% between 1988 - 89. Many girls aged under 16 did not use the service. As the estimated age of first intercourse decreases, the need for sufficient, accessible and appropiate family planning services becomes more pressing, "Ms Botting said. Despite increased sexual activity among teenagers, however, the rate of teenage pregnancy rose only slightly between 1976 and 1999 among under 18s, from 40.6 per thousand to just under 46.5. Among teenagers aged 18 and 19, the rate remained steady at about 90 per thousand. Juliet Hillier, from the Brook Advisory Centres, a leading family planning organisation, said that the fact that teenage pregnancies had not soared as sexual activity among teenagers rose showed that more young people were practising safe sex. The report also shows that while conception rates for teenagers scarcely changed between 1976 and 1998, rates fell by 20 percent for women aged between 20 and 24. Overall, the national fertility rate is dropping.
Drug Rapists choose victims they know
Ref : The times ( June 21 2000)
to be friends or colleagues than strangers. 70% of the 123 victims
questioned in a police study said that they have been attacked by
someone the knew. More than 25% were friends, and a further 30%
were workmates or fellow students. Only 7% were strangers. The
report, written by a Scotland yard detective with the Home Office
funding, found that drugs were administered in bars and clubs in
nearly 50% of the attacks. 22% took place at the victim's residence.
The survey also found that more than 50% of victims thought that
their treatment by the police was poor. The report makes 71
recommendations, which are being studied by ministers and police.
Among them are 24-hour rape treatment units at hospitals; special
sqads in every force; and the appiontment of "advocates" to look after
victims' interests. Detective Inspector Peter Sturman, who wrote the report,
found that the rapists sometimes worked in pairs, one slipping the drug into
the drink while the other talked to the victim. They often kept photographs
of their sedated victims or took a trinket as a trophy. Mr Sturman found that
four drugs - GHB (gamma hydroxy butyrate ), Zopliclone, Dixtromethorpine
and Promeazine - and alcohol had been detected by scientists in drug
rape samples. However, there are a further 21 drugs that may have been
or could be used. Rohypnol has received wide publicity as a rape drug,
but Mr Sturman found that it had not been detected in any British cases.
He suggests wide ranging changes to the entire investigation procedure,
with sex attacks treated with the same seriousness as murder.
Sexual transmitted infection/disease
STI means sexually transmitted infection, and STD means sexually transmitted diseases. We all think we know everything about sex, but most of the time we don't. i would admit myself that i learnt more about STIs and STDs after reading a leaflet produced by an organization called fpa(more on them later).This page is not about putting people off sex or being very scared about it. This page is for people to gain more knowledge about this subject, and learn to say no if they do not feel ready to have sex. More and more people are being diagnosed for STDs every day. There are over 25 STDs present.Most of these can kill. To list a few: Genital wart, NSU(non-specific urethritis), chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhoea, trichomonas vaginalis, pubic lice,scabies,hepatitis B&C, syphilis, and HIV.If you can truily admit to yourself that you know all of them, then you should be very proud of yourself, because i don't either.Luckly enough there are various associations that can help people out with these issues.For these associations, you don't have to give your right name, and nobody would be told of the incidence. These associations would be listed below.It is best to have sex when both partners are ready and educated enough on how to prevent pregnacy, and STDs. Always make sure you are in control of your mind. yes means YES, and no means NO. If someone loves you he or she would take your views very seriously.If they don't, they are not worth being with.If you catch any of the above, you have to live with it, not them. The fpa organization has a wonderful leaflet that explains about all these issues.Write to them or call them for their free leaflets.People with no experience or experienced people in any of these issues , please write in. Don't forget to use CONDOMS.
fpa runs a helpline that can help you with:
information on all aspects of sexual health, including STIs, contraception and family planning services,details of your nearest sexual health or family planning clinic
free leaflets on all the contraceptive methods.
Ring or wite:
fpa uk, 2-12 pentonville road, London N1, 9fp-0171 837 4044(9am-7pm).
fpa Cymru, riverside house, 31 Cathedral road,cardiff CF11 9HB- 0845 600 1213(9am-5pm).
fpa scotland, unit 10 firhill Business center, 76 firhill road, Glasgow G20 7BA- o141576 5088(9am-5pm).
fpa Northern Ireland, 113 university street, Belfast Bt7 1hp- 01232 325 488
For the nearest clinic for young people--(BROOK ADVISORY CENTERS)--0171 713 9000
For advise about sex and personal relationships--(SEXWISE)-0800 282930.
If you think you could have an STI, hunt the clinic or phone the fpa or national aids helpline
Don't be put off visiting a STI clinic or a doctor because you think your family will be told.
They won't. Nobody will be told without your agreement. you can be any age- even if you are under the legal age of consent to sex, which is 16(17 in Northern Ireland).
And you don't even have to give your real name- you can make one up.
Note: Remember, never use a condom more than once.
There are different kinds of condoms. Each can be used
for a different purpose. For more information on condoms, click on Durex
For immediate free information on sexual health matters, phone:- 0800 665 544
This service is funded and operated by the national health service. Lines are open 10am - 5pm monday - friday.
You can write to durex, for their leaflet "a guide to condoms". This leaflet has all the important issues you want to know about condoms. The leaflet is produced in the interest of health education by:
The durex information service for sexual health
London international house,
Broxbourne, Herts, EN10 6LN
PLAY SAFE AND LIVE LONGER!!!
Other useful contacts
Sex Education Forum at the National Children's Bureau.
Sex education and HIV awareness.
Trust for the study of Adolence.
Relate ( 01788 573 241)
A national councelling organisation which can put you in touch with their local branches. Relate offers confidential councelling to individuals and couples on relationships and sexual difficulties.
Mon - Fri 9am - 5pm
Brook Advisory Center (0207 713 9000)
Free contraceptive advice and supplies, pregnancy testing and councelling for young people. Ring for details of your nearest bransh or health authority young people's service. Mon - Thur 9am - 5pm, Fri 9am - 4pm
London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard (0207 837 7324)
A 24-hour, 7-day-a-week helpline offering a range of services including sexual health advice.
British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS)
Sex and the Law
Sex between a man and a woman
Across England, Scotland and Wales the legal age of consent is 16. In Northern Ireland it's 17.
Anal sex between two men
The legal age of consent across the UK is 18, provided both men consent.
Sex between two women
There is no specific law on the age of consent. But certain laws suggest that both women must consent and over 16, except in Northern Ireland where they must be over 17.