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What we have to bear in mind



According to "The Times ( June 29 2000)
Teenage girls in Britian have the highest rate of pregancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Western Europe. In England nearly 20,000 cases of STDs were recorded in 1998, up from 14,000 in 1990. Among girls under 16, infections such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia and gential warts are also on the increase with nearly 1,200 cases in 1998, 500 more than 1990. As some of these conditions can cause infertility or life-threatening complications in pregnancy, the long-term cost could be high.



According to Student Mirror; "There were also 3,500 new cases of HIV last year - the highest since records began. And Chlamydia is reaching epidemic proportions with 62,000 people infected last year - nearly half of them teenagers


    Sex Education News



    Ref: The TIMES ( 21 June 2000)
    Almost a quarter of girls first have intercourse before the age of sixteen, according to a government survey . Figures published on the 20th of June 2000 by the office for National Statistics show that today's teenagers are nearly five times as likely as their own mothers and 24 times as likely as their grandmothers to have underage sex. The research reported in the latest "Population Trends", also shows that the age at which most girls lose their virginity has dropped by four years - from 23 to 19 - within one generation. A research also published by Bristol University Institute of Child Health showing that one in six girls now reaches puberty by the age of eight. Bev Botting, author of " Trends in Fertility and contraception in the last quarter of a century" said: The proportion of teenagers aged 16 - 19 who use family planning clinics have risen from 12% to 22% between 1988 - 89. Many girls aged under 16 did not use the service. As the estimated age of first intercourse decreases, the need for sufficient, accessible and appropiate family planning services becomes more pressing, "Ms Botting said. Despite increased sexual activity among teenagers, however, the rate of teenage pregnancy rose only slightly between 1976 and 1999 among under 18s, from 40.6 per thousand to just under 46.5. Among teenagers aged 18 and 19, the rate remained steady at about 90 per thousand. Juliet Hillier, from the Brook Advisory Centres, a leading family planning organisation, said that the fact that teenage pregnancies had not soared as sexual activity among teenagers rose showed that more young people were practising safe sex. The report also shows that while conception rates for teenagers scarcely changed between 1976 and 1998, rates fell by 20 percent for women aged between 20 and 24. Overall, the national fertility rate is dropping.








Drug Rapists choose victims they know


Ref : The times ( June 21 2000)
    Rapists who use drugs to overcome their victims are more likely
    to be friends or colleagues than strangers. 70% of the 123 victims
    questioned in a police study said that they have been attacked by
    someone the knew. More than 25% were friends, and a further 30%
    were workmates or fellow students. Only 7% were strangers. The
    report, written by a Scotland yard detective with the Home Office
    funding, found that drugs were administered in bars and clubs in
    nearly 50% of the attacks. 22% took place at the victim's residence.
    The survey also found that more than 50% of victims thought that
    their treatment by the police was poor. The report makes 71
    recommendations, which are being studied by ministers and police.
    Among them are 24-hour rape treatment units at hospitals; special
    sqads in every force; and the appiontment of "advocates" to look after
    victims' interests. Detective Inspector Peter Sturman, who wrote the report,
    found that the rapists sometimes worked in pairs, one slipping the drug into
    the drink while the other talked to the victim. They often kept photographs
    of their sedated victims or took a trinket as a trophy. Mr Sturman found that
    four drugs - GHB (gamma hydroxy butyrate ), Zopliclone, Dixtromethorpine
    and Promeazine - and alcohol had been detected by scientists in drug
    rape samples. However, there are a further 21 drugs that may have been
    or could be used. Rohypnol has received wide publicity as a rape drug,
    but Mr Sturman found that it had not been detected in any British cases.
    He suggests wide ranging changes to the entire investigation procedure,
    with sex attacks treated with the same seriousness as murder.




Sexual transmitted infection/disease



    STI means sexually transmitted infection, and STD means sexually transmitted diseases. We all think we know everything about sex, but most of the time we don't. i would admit myself that i learnt more about STIs and STDs after reading a leaflet produced by an organization called fpa(more on them later).This page is not about putting people off sex or being very scared about it. This page is for people to gain more knowledge about this subject, and learn to say no if they do not feel ready to have sex. More and more people are being diagnosed for STDs every day. There are over 25 STDs present.Most of these can kill. To list a few: Genital wart, NSU(non-specific urethritis), chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhoea, trichomonas vaginalis, pubic lice,scabies,hepatitis B&C, syphilis, and HIV.If you can truily admit to yourself that you know all of them, then you should be very proud of yourself, because i don't either.Luckly enough there are various associations that can help people out with these issues.For these associations, you don't have to give your right name, and nobody would be told of the incidence. These associations would be listed below.It is best to have sex when both partners are ready and educated enough on how to prevent pregnacy, and STDs. Always make sure you are in control of your mind. yes means YES, and no means NO. If someone loves you he or she would take your views very seriously.If they don't, they are not worth being with.If you catch any of the above, you have to live with it, not them. The fpa organization has a wonderful leaflet that explains about all these issues.Write to them or call them for their free leaflets.People with no experience or experienced people in any of these issues , please write in. Don't forget to use CONDOMS.








    Helplines



    fpa runs a helpline that can help you with:
    information on all aspects of sexual health, including STIs, contraception and family planning services,details of your nearest sexual health or family planning clinic
    free leaflets on all the contraceptive methods.
    Ring or wite:

    fpa uk, 2-12 pentonville road, London N1, 9fp-0171 837 4044(9am-7pm).
    fpa Cymru, riverside house, 31 Cathedral road,cardiff CF11 9HB- 0845 600 1213(9am-5pm).

    fpa scotland, unit 10 firhill Business center, 76 firhill road, Glasgow G20 7BA- o141576 5088(9am-5pm).

    fpa Northern Ireland, 113 university street, Belfast Bt7 1hp- 01232 325 488
    derry -01504260016(9am-5pm).

    For the nearest clinic for young people--(BROOK ADVISORY CENTERS)--0171 713 9000

    For advise about sex and personal relationships--(SEXWISE)-0800 282930.

    If you think you could have an STI, hunt the clinic or phone the fpa or national aids helpline
    Don't be put off visiting a STI clinic or a doctor because you think your family will be told.
    They won't. Nobody will be told without your agreement. you can be any age- even if you are under the legal age of consent to sex, which is 16(17 in Northern Ireland).
    And you don't even have to give your real name- you can make one up.

    Condoms


    Note: Remember, never use a condom more than once.

    There are different kinds of condoms. Each can be used
    for a different purpose. For more information on condoms, click on Durex


    Help line
    For immediate free information on sexual health matters, phone:- 0800 665 544
    This service is funded and operated by the national health service. Lines are open 10am - 5pm monday - friday.

    You can write to durex, for their leaflet "a guide to condoms". This leaflet has all the important issues you want to know about condoms. The leaflet is produced in the interest of health education by:

    The durex information service for sexual health
    London international house,
    Broxbourne, Herts, EN10 6LN

    PLAY SAFE AND LIVE LONGER!!!




Further information

    The Health Education Authority produces a range of leaflets about sexual health including:

  • Sexual health matters for young men/women
  • Sexual health matters for men/women
  • The condom guide - making sex safer
  • Sexually transmitted infections - how to prevent them, and where to go for help.
  • Facts about AIDS, HIV and the test
  • Your smear test
  • Folic acid - what all women should know
  • Cystitis - and what to do about it.
    A series of factsheet is also avaliable on a range of infections and conditions, such as bacteria vaginosis, chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhoea, hepatitis (A,B, and C), infestations, pelvic inflammatory disease, syphilis, thrush and trichomonas vaginalis.
    To order free copies of any sexual health leaflet call National AIDS Helpline , free, on 0800 567 123 or contact your local health promotion unit for copies of any health education leaflets or factsheets ( in the phone book under your local health authority).
    The leaflets can only give basic information about sexual health. The information is based on the evidence and medical opinion avaliable at the time of printing.

    Source: Health Education Authority, Trevelyan House, 30 Great Peter Street, London SW1P 2HW.






Other useful contacts

    www.ncb.org.uk/sexed.htm
    Sex Education Forum at the National Children's Bureau.

    www.avert.org.uk/legislation.htm
    Sex education and HIV awareness.

    www.tsa.uk.com
    Trust for the study of Adolence.

    Relate ( 01788 573 241)

    A national councelling organisation which can put you in touch with their local branches. Relate offers confidential councelling to individuals and couples on relationships and sexual difficulties.
    Mon - Fri 9am - 5pm

    Brook Advisory Center (0207 713 9000)

    Free contraceptive advice and supplies, pregnancy testing and councelling for young people. Ring for details of your nearest bransh or health authority young people's service. Mon - Thur 9am - 5pm, Fri 9am - 4pm

    London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard (0207 837 7324)

    A 24-hour, 7-day-a-week helpline offering a range of services including sexual health advice.

    British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS)
    0345 304030

    Provides abortion services and after abortion support, preganacy testing, contraceptive advice, emergency contraception, sterilisation and vasetomy. Ring the Actionline for a confidential centre.
    Mon - Fri 8am - 8pm, Sat 8.30am - 5.30pm, Sun 9.30am - 3.30pm.

    Issue

    Advice, information and a guide to clinics for women and men experiencing infertility problems.
    Mon - Fri 9.30am - 4.30pm

    Contraceptive Education Service (England)
    Tel: 0207 837 4044

    A confidential helpline providing information on all methods of contraception, sexual health and local clinics.
    Mon- Fri 9am - 7pm.
    Northern Ireland: 01232 325 488
    Scotland: 0141 576 5088
    Wales: 01222 342 766.

    Please remember to include http://www.studentinfor.bizland.com as your reference.





Sex and the Law

    Sex between a man and a woman

    Across England, Scotland and Wales the legal age of consent is 16. In Northern Ireland it's 17.
    Anal sex between two men

    The legal age of consent across the UK is 18, provided both men consent.
    Sex between two women

    There is no specific law on the age of consent. But certain laws suggest that both women must consent and over 16, except in Northern Ireland where they must be over 17.



Condom samples

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